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Though more is desired from the  anti-bullying act of 2013, the new law is a good starting point. With that,  we can now refer to Republic Act 10627 for PHs common definition of “bullying”.

SEC. 2. Acts of Bullying
Any severe or repeated use by one or more students of a written, verbal or electronic expression, or a physical act or gesture, or any combination thereof, directed at another student that has the effect of actually causing or placing the latter in reasonable fear of physical or emotional harm or damage to his property; creating a hostile environment at school for the other student; infringing on the rights of the other student at school; or materially and substantially disrupting the education process or the orderly operation of a school; such as, but not limited to, the following:

a. Any unwanted physical contact between the bully and the victim like punching, pushing, shoving, kicking, slapping, tickling, headlocks, inflicting school pranks, teasing, fighting and the use of available objects as weapons;

b. Any act that causes damage to a victim’s psyche and/or emotional well-being;

c. Any slanderous statement or accusation that causes the victim undue emotional distress like directing foul language or profanity at the target, name-calling, tormenting and commenting negatively on victim’s looks, clothes and body; and

d. Cyber-bullying or any bullying done through the use of technology or any electronic means.

From above reference, bullying is defined as:

  1. An act committed by an individual or group of students*, directed to another student*
  2. An act that can be committed in written, verbal or electronic expression, physical gestures or combination.
  3. An act, wether severe or repeated, that will produce any of these effects to its victim (1) fear of physical or emotional harm, (3) damage to his/her property  (4)  a hostile environment at school, (5) infringement of his/her rights and (6) disruption of orderly operation of the school
  4. An act that can be in the form of
    • Sec 2 A- Physical
    • Sec 2 B- Social & Emotional
    • Sec 3 C- Verbal
    • Sec 4 D- Cyber

*refers to elementary and high school students

Though we are free to use the same definition for adults (aggressor and victim), the anti-bullying law is applicable only for primary and secondary schools. 🙂




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