What Is Workplace Harassment?
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Workplace harassment or office bullying is being used interchangeably and can mean the same thing in the Philippines. But in countries where laws are in placed, bullying is referred to minors and harassment to adults.
Office bullying is similar to school bullying in the sense that the aggressor use power towards it’s victim, but that’s where the similarity ends.
Office or workplace harassment is more classy because the objective is defined before the aggression starts. The aggression, though obviously felt by the victim, is carefully executed by the aggressor, so as not to violate company policies or national laws.
Likewise, workplace harassment is not office politics, though in some cases, an element of bullying is present when an employee is politicking.
Bullying or harassment is also considered a “normal” work hazard, thus, contributing to a not mental health friendly culture.
Elements of Workplace Harassment
- Use of power
Power is derived both from formal and informal sources. Position titles are the formal source while the clout or influence of some employee w/o formal leadership position is an informal source.
- Intention is to control
Use of power is meant to control you, and lead you towards their objective (i.e. conform to their wishes, that are not all work related). But hold your horses, before you accuse your boss of bullying, they are given the power to control your behaviour to ensure office decorum and productivity, ha ha.
- Have a strong personal dislike to the victim
Personal dislike is different from dislike to a behaviour affecting work output and employee morale. The former can lead to bullying, the latter won’t.
- Personal attacks
If your age, sex, disability (if any), religion, race, appearance, family and relationships are the subject of attack, we may have a legal case involving discrimination
- With specific objective
Unlike traditional bullying where intentions are random, workplace bullying has pre-defined objectives. Some of which are
– to get ahead of you
– to get rid of you
– to pass the blame on you
– to get you to kiss their ass
Who are the likely the instigators of workplace harassment
- The bosses
Bosses are the usual suspects of workplace bullying because organically, they have the 1st 2 elements (1) power and (2) control. But the actions of the boss cannot be considered bullying if it is meant to correct a wrong behaviour or to increase productivity. Other than the above, yes, bosses can be bullies, but they are creative 🙂 The likely victims? Subordinates, their own boss or fellow managers/supervisors
Subordinates are bullies too, and are equally creative as the boss. Bosses are prone to bullying if they are newly hired or promoted, or take over manager/supervisor of tenured employees. Their likely victim? Their boss
- Employees who are tenured (or the most senior)
Employees who are tenured are likely to hold influence over the rest. Tenured employees are also resistant to change, plus they have the illusion that they’re untouchables- either bec. they have access to top management or they believe that removing them is costly
Their likely victims? Bosses and newly hired or transferred employees.
- Any employee
Any employee can bully another. This normally happen when one employee considers the other a threat to his/her work ambition, i.e. salary increase, promotion. Their likely victim? You
What Are The “Likely” Acts Of An Office Bully
Emphasis on the word likely because unless motives are established and the aggression is substantiated, coming out to the open to complain them will just make you a cry baby.
- Verbal abuse
- Cyber bullying– you are mocked or made fun both un social and dark social
- Peters’ Principle- bosses can promote you to a level of incompetence
- Sabotage- a group can conspire or an employee can do acts that will cause you to fail or look bad
- Unfavorable assignment- this can mean being assigned often on the graveyard shift, branch transfer that is far from your residence (please remember that management has the prerogative to do this, and can be done legally)
- Sexual harassment
- Threats and Blackmail
- Indirect insubordination- it’s like you’re tasked to head the Christmas party committee and when you called for a meeting, no one attended
- Taking advantage of the newly hired, transfers or interns/OJTs
- Social- a group effort to make another employee (bosses or colleagues) feel s/he is not welcome or not part of the group.
I have a few experiences to share in another post, ha ha. But the message that I want to leave here as we navigate the corporate jungle, we will certainly encounter an office bully, at least once, in our corporate life.
What about you, do you have a story to share? Voice out below!
Founder of LODI Inc. (Learning and Organization Development Institute, Inc.) and Co-Founder of Blogwatch. Mentor and Dad of 2 Gen Z Professionals.
Advocate of #HRinHR (Human Rights in Human Resources) and #DigitalCitizenship
Strategist for Talent, Culture & Content Development, and Cyber Wellness Initiatives
Keynoter and Facilitator of Workplace and Life Learning
Blogging since 2004.